We passed “Pavement ends” and took one river road and two truck trails around the west side of the wildlife refuge, exploring a southern lobe of sub-tundra. Love the vertical evergreens and the marshy lands they sandwich.
The day was warm and humid, and we opted for the AC, thereby locking out the buzzing deerflies. They clouded us in the open areas, and abandoned us when we climbed onto deciduous hummocks. I had hoped for a photo of the lichens and ferns below the deciduous trees, but deerflies.